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Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles

The 2022 Transportation Annual Technology Baseline (ATB) provides current and future projections of cost and performance for select medium- and heavy-duty vehicles and fuels (and for select Light-Duty Vehicles). 

The Transportation ATB provides data in a series of interactive charts for either a single year or a trajectory out to 2050 showing:

  • Fuel Economy, which is reported in miles per diesel gallon equivalent and represents how efficiently a vehicle converts fuel during operation.
  • Modeled Vehicle Price, which represents an estimated cost, including manufacturing costs and profit, to the consumer purchasing a new vehicle
  • Levelized Cost of Driving, which is an indicator of the cost of operation over the vehicle lifetime on a per-mile basis
  • Emissions, which represent the well-to-wheels emissions (including emissions from fuel production to vehicle operation).

The Transportation ATB presents these metrics for individual powertrains and in comparison with other powertrains. 

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