The 2020 Transportation Annual Technology Baseline (ATB) provides current and future projections of cost and performance for select light-duty vehicles and fuels. The 2020 Transportation ATB vehicle data are specifically for midsize passenger cars.
The Transportation ATB provides data in a series of interactive charts for either a single year or a trajectory out to 2050 showing:
- Fuel economy, reported in miles per gallon gasoline equivalent and representing how efficiently a vehicle converts fuel during operation
- Vehicle cost, which represents an estimated cost, including manufacturing costs plus profit, to the consumer purchasing a new vehicle.
- Levelized cost of driving, an indicator of the cost of operation over the vehicle lifetime on a per-mile basis
- Emissions, which represent the well-to-wheels emissions (including emissions from fuel production to vehicle operation).
The Transportation ATB presents these metrics for individual powertrains and in comparison with other powertrains.