Utility-scale PV systems in the 2020 ATB are representative of one-axis tracking systems with performance and pricing characteristics in line with a 1.34 DC-to-AC ratio-or inverter loading ratio (ILR) for current and future years (Fu, Feldman, and Margolis 2018).
The following references are specific to this page; for all references in this ATB, see References.
Fu, Ran, Feldman, David, & Margolis, Robert. (2018). U.S. Solar Photovoltaic System Cost Benchmark: Q1 2018. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy19osti/72399.pdf
Developed with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.