Definition: O&M costs represent the annual fixed expenditures required to operate and maintain a wind plant over its lifetime, including items noted in the Summary of Technology Innovation by Scenario table above.
Base Year: FOM costs vary by distance from shore and metocean conditions.
Future Years: OPEX are estimated to be driven by an increase in turbine rating, enhanced supply chain efficiencies and size-agnostic technology innovations.
Use the following table to view the components of O&M.
Developed with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.