Acronyms and Abbreviations

AC
alternating current
AEO
Annual Energy Outlook (U.S. Energy Information Administration)
ATB
Annual Technology Baseline
BITES
Buildings Industry Transportation Electricity Scenarios
BOS
balance of system
CAISO
California Independent System Operator
CAPEX
capital expenditure
CC
combined cycle
CF
capacity factor
CFDC
DC-rated capacity
CO2
carbon dioxide
COD
commercial operation date
CCS
carbon capture and storage
CREST
Cost of Renewable Energy Spreadsheet Tool
CPUC
California Public Utilities Commission
CREST
Cost of Renewable Energy Spreadsheet Tool
CSM
Cost and Scaling Model
CSP
concentrating solar power
CT
combustion turbine
DC
direct current
DEWA
Dubai Electricity and Water Authority
DNI
direct normal irradiance
DOD
U.S. Department of Defense
DOE
U.S. Department of Energy
DOI
U.S. Department of the Interior
DPV
distributed photovoltaic
EERE
Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Office of
EGS
enhanced geothermal system
EIA
U.S. Energy Information Administration
EPA
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
ETRI
Energy Technology Reference Indicator
FCR
fixed charge rate
FEMA
Federal Emergency Management Agency
FOM
fixed operations and maintenance
ft
feet
H
head
GCC
grid connection costs
GETEM
Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model
GIS
geographic information system
GRC
Geothermal Resources Council
GTO
Geothermal Technologies Office
GW
gigawatt
GWe
gigawatt electrical
GWEC
Global Wind Energy Council
H
head
ha
hectare
HAP
Hydropower Advancement Project
ICC
initial capital cost
ICCS
industrial carbon capture and storage
IEA
International Energy Agency
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IGCC
integrated gasification combined cycle
ILR
inverter loading ratio
IRENA
International Renewable Energy Agency
IRP
integrated resource plan
ISO-NE
ISO New England
ITC
investment tax credit
JRC
Joint Research Centre, European Commission
km2
square kilometers
kV
kilovolt
kW
kilowatt
kWAC
kilowatt, alternating current
kWDC
kilowatt, direct current
kWe
kilowatt electrical
KWh
kilowatt-hour
kWhAC
kilowatt-hour, alternating current
LBNL
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
LCOE
levelized cost of energy
m
meter
MACRS
Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System
MARKAL/TIMES
MARKet Allocation/The Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System
MW
megawatt
MWAC
megawatt, alternating current
MWDC
megawatt, direct current
MWe
megawatt electrical
MWh
megawatt-hour
NEI
Nuclear Energy Institute
NEMS
National Energy Modeling System
NETL
National Energy Technology Laboratory
NF-EGS
near-hydrothermal field enhanced geothermal system
NHAAP
National Hydropower Asset Assessment Program
NIPSCO
Northern Indiana Public Service Company
nm
nautical miles
NOx
nitrogen oxide
NPD
non-powered dam
NREL
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
NSD
new stream-reach development
NSRDB
National Solar Radiation Database
O&M
operations and maintenance
OCC
overnight capital cost
OEM
original equipment manufacturer
OGS
oil-gas-steam
OPEX
operating expense
ORCA
Offshore Regional Cost Analyzer
ORNL
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
ORTP
offer review trigger price
PC
pulverized coal
PGE
Portland General Electric
PPA
power purchase agreement
PSM
Physical Solar Model
PTC
production tax credit
PV
photovoltaic
R&D
research and development
SMART
System Management of Atmospheric Resource through Technology
SO2
sulfur dioxide
TES
thermal energy storage
TMY
typical meteorological year
TRG
techno-resource group
TVA
Tennessee Valley Authority
TWh
terawatt-hour
USACE
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
USD
U.S. dollars
USGS
United States Geological Survey
VOM
variable operations and maintenance
W
watt
WAC
watts, alternating current
WACC
weighted average cost of capital
yr
year