Regional CAPEX Parameter Variations and Adjustments

For most generation technologies, regional cost multipliers are applied to reflect variations in installation costs across the United States as described in the ReEDS model documentation and shown with updated data here. These regional multipliers are applied to the overnight capital cost of the associated technology. The regional multipliers are technology-specific and are usually derived from EIA (2016a) that is the source of capital cost assumptions for the NEMS model. While the regional costs presented in EIA (2016a) are based on particular cities, the regional multipliers for ReEDS are calculated by interpolating between these cities and using the average value over the ReEDS regions for each technology. For land-based wind technology an additional multiplier of up to 20% is applied to areas in the northeast based on market data observations (Wiser and Bolinger 2016; DOE 2015). A similar approach was developed for commercial and residential PV technologies by Fu et al. (2016) and is applied in dGen. The regional multipliers as implemented in ReEDS and dGen are shown in the following figure.

chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Biomass
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Convential CC
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Advanced CC
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Advanced CT
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Coal (No CCS)
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Coal (CCS)
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Nuclear
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - PV
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Land-Based Wind
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Offshore Wind
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Commercial PV
chart: Cost Multiplier Map - Residential PV

References

DOE (U.S. Department of Energy). 2015. Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States. U.S. Department of Energy. DOE/GO-102015-4557. March 2015. http://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2015/03/f20/wv_full_report.pdf.

Wiser, Ryan, and Mark Bolinger. 2016. 2015 Wind Technologies Market Report. August 2016. https://emp.lbl.gov/sites/default/files/2015-windtechreport.final_.pdf.